In the United States, it is estimated that autism is prevalent in one in 68 births, and as of 2014, over 3.5 million Americans live with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD), according to the Autism Society.
The fast-growing developmental disability has no cure, however, studies have shown that early diagnosis is key in improving the quality of life of a person on the spectrum. Autism cannot be detected through methods like blood or urine tests, so doctors need to observe a child's development and behavior, which can prove to be challenging.
According to the Centers For Disease Control (CDC), while children on the spectrum tend to receive a diagnosis between the ages of 18 months and two, many "do not receive a final diagnosis until much older." Unfortunately, this delay could prevent them from getting the help they need early on.
Now, researches think they have found a solution that could solve this issue. A group of experts at Rutgers University have developed a quick two-minute test that professionals and parents can use to detect autism in their young child.
How does it work?