If you're like me, your skin care routine probably consists of washing your face once a day, if you remember to. Properly taking care of our skin can sometimes be frustrating and expensive.
If you're normal skin care routine just isn't working for you, it could be that you aren't doing the right skin care routine for your type of skin.
There are three main skin types that you fall probably fit into, here's what they are and how to tell which one you have:
What Skin Type Do You Have?
With oily skin, you may often see shine on your face. If you find you often have to re-apply powder throughout the day to remove shine, you probably have oily skin. Also, visible and open pores is usually a sign of oily skin. Some other signs of oily skin are:
- Prone to breakouts and blackheads.
- Your makeup seems to slide off your face throughout the day.
- The hair surrounding your face gets greasy noticeably fast.
- You notice oil on your clothing or cellphone after they come into contact with your face.
With dry skin, you may often notice your skin is flaky, scaly, or rough. Dry skin typically doesn't produce much moisture, and is the opposite of oily skin. Some other signs of dry skin are:
- Your skin feels tight, especially after being in water.
- Your skin looks and feels rough.
- You notice a lot of redness on your face.
- Your skin is often itchy and sometimes has cracks in it.
If you feel like neither of these apply to you, or you have some signs from each list, it's probably because you have combination skin. This skin type is a combination of both dry and oily skin. With this skin type you might notice that your skin is is dry in some spots (cheeks) and oily in others (forehead, nose, and chin). Some other signs of combination skin are:
- Your skin changes based on the weather. (Oilier in summer and dry in winter).
- When you are on your period, your skin may experience breakouts causing you to think your skin is oily. But once your period is over, the breakouts clear right up and your skin can become flaky.
- You sometimes notice oil in some spots of your face, and redness and flakes in another spot.
After you understand what type of skin you have, it is important to adapt to a skin care routine that will work best for the skin type you have.
Skin Care Routines
When washing oily skin, ensure that you are using a oil-free wash. Wash your face twice a day with warm water. After you're done washing your face, use a toner. Toners add skin-replenishing ingredients immediately after cleansing. They also remove the last traces of makeup.
Toners are great for oily skin because some can remove extra oil on the face, making it less shiny. Be careful when picking a toner as some can irritate your skin.
When washing dry skin, ensure you are using a face wash that doesn't have any alcohol or fragrances in them. These ingredients could dry out your face out even more. Don't worry about spending a lot on a face wash, basic drug store products will work fine, just ensure it's a gentle cleaners. Wash your face twice a day with warm (not hot) water.
For dry skin, moisturizer is a huge necessity. Always moisturize after washing your face and focus on dry areas.
Combination skin can be tricky to find the right product for. This doesn't mean you should spend a lot of money on a product. This tends to be a trial and error process. Find a face wash that works for you!
Apply a gentle cleanser or soap with your fingertips. Don't scrub your face. Rinse with plenty of warm water, then pat dry. Finish by using a gentle, non-irritating toner.
Tips for Sensitive Skin
Sensitive skin is extremely common and is often seen within any of the skin types talked about early. Here are three tips to take care of sensitive skin:
- Patch test new products
This can be done by applying the new product to one small area to your skin. Wait 24 hours and if you skin hasn't reacted badly from it, it will probably be safe to use it.
- Use sunscreen
Sensitive skin is especially delicate when it comes to heat and sun. It’s important for someone with sensitive skin to apply sunscreen on a daily basis, even when you're not going to be at the beach. A good alternative is to wear makeup with SPF already in it.
- Don't over-wash your skin
Although it is extremely important to wash your face, over-doing it can cause irritation. Remember to keep your skin clean, but don’t go overboard. Washing two times a day is usually the perfect amount.
Our skin is one of our most prized areas on our bodies. It's what the whole world sees everyday, so of course we want it to look it's best. To help our skin, we need to first understand it. Understanding your skin type and how to take care of it accordingly will dramatically change it's appearance.