The world is full of debilitating conditions that hundreds, if not thousands of people suffer from without any hope of a cure. Cancer is as omnipresent as ever, and even diseases we thought were gone like measles and smallpox are making a comeback!
However, scientists keep working tirelessly to cure every awful thing that afflicts humanity, and after a lot of experimentation, they've been able to get these 6 conditions to the point of almost being gone!
Huntington's is an absolutely debilitating condition that can essentially cause a person's body and memory to both begin to progressively shut down, and the results can feel like a living Hell. Worse still, anyone whose family has a history of the condition has a 50/50 chance of catching it.
However, in a discovery that's been called the biggest breakthrough in neurodegenerative diseases in the last 50 years, scientists have been able to correct the defective gene that causes the disease (called the Huntington gene). They've been able to do this by blocking the messages this gene sends to a person's protein cells, effectively rendering them completely harmless.
If this is found to be 100% effective, it'll be the first treatment to slow or prevent any kind of degenerative brain disease ever
Junctional epidermolysis bullosa is an incredibly rare skin condition, where a person genetically has skin that's described as "fragile as a butterfly's wings." This results in a hugely increased risk of cuts, infections, and bacteria entering the blood stream. Oh, and of course the strange look of the skin.
However, when a young kid named Hassan contracted the condition, researchers were able to make a breakthrough discovery in terms of treating it. They took a piece of Hassan's skin, reconstructed the DNA in it, and then grafted the skin back onto him. Within two years, the repaired skin spread across his body, leaving Hassan with completely normal skin!
These next few disorders have had some pretty incredible solutions discovered!
Another highly dangerous genetic disorder, hemophilia refers to people whose bodies refuse to produce a protein that's instrumental in causing blood to clot and for bleeding to stop. As a result, any cut done to a hemophiliac can be life-threatening.
However, Barts Health NHS Trust was recently about to provide experimental gene therapy to 13 of their patients for hemophilia, and the results are pretty incredible. Since then, 11 of these 13 patients are now producing near-normal amounts of the protein!
Vanellope Hope Wilkins is a baby who was born with an incredibly rare condition called ectopia cordis, which results in an infant being born with their heart being located outside of the body (no, I am not kidding).
The condition typically only appears in stillborn babies, but in this case, Vanellope was very much alive. Miraculously, after three surgeries, doctors were able to put her heart back where it should be!
Blood cells are supposed to be round (which facilitates their traveling through the human body), but some people are born with a disorder where their cells are shaped more like blades. This in turn leads to the flow of blood through their body being blocked.
However, when scientists at Necker Children's Hospital in Paris were able to alter the genetic instructions in a teenager's bone marrow, his body began producing healthy blood cells, and has continued to do so for the 15 months since the procedure!
Diabetes is no joke, and anyone who's ever had to deal with the disease knows just how debilitating and scary it can be. However, that may be coming to an end.
A number of patients in Scotland were put on a low-calorie diet of soups and shakes for five months, in order to trigger massive weight loss. Impressively, nearly half of these patients had their diabetes go into remission almost instantly!