Two things are paradoxically clear from these videos. There is no definite structure to how the avian performers produce these spectacles, and yet there is clearly a complex pattern in play.
According to scientists, the seemingly coordinated dance that occurs with these birds draws from a principle called "critical transition." This is when a system that appears to be on the tipping point, suddenly shifts and completely transforms.
The process mimics the reaction of liquid turning into gas, and only works because of the connection that exists between each starling and every other.
Every bird turns when any other bird turns, and somehow, the larger picture that comes to shape is part of a system that could never be calculated - yet.
Researchers believe that the same forces are at work in the way neurons and other microscopic molecules form and divide.