Arabian sand cats are an extremely rare breed.
The nocturnal sand cat is listed as "near threatened" on the International Union for Conservation of Nature's 'red list', which is a list of threatened species.
These feline creatures live in desert environments and can handle both hot and cold temperatures. The fur on their foot pads means they don't leave good tracks in the sand, which keeps them protected from predators. Unfortunately, it also makes them hard to track to study them.
The rare animals look a lot like domestic cats and weight 4-8lbs. Unfortunately, the sand cats are losing habitat as well as food sources.
"Scientists need to be doing more research on how the sand cats live in order to create a suitable protected area," the Sahara Conservation Fund's John Newby told New Scientist.
Gregory Breton, director of Panthera France, was out with a colleague looking to gather some footage of the rare breed. They were about to pack in their bags after no success, when all of a sudden they were greeted with something never-before-seen in the wild.